The Baccharis pilularis shrub is generally smaller than 3 metres (9.8 ft) in height. This and other Baccharis species are nectar sources for most of the predatory wasps, native skippers (small butterflies), and native flies in their ranges. Coyote brush is known as a secondary pioneer plant in communities such as coastal sage scrub and chaparral. Coyote bush uses also extended to some medicinal therapies, such as using the heated leaves to reduce pain and swelling. Leaves are coated with a resinous substance that retards fire. Coyote bush uses also extended to some medicinal therapies, such as using the heated leaves to reduce pain and swelling. 2009. The upright forms are useful for hedges and fence lines, and year-round foliage. Coyote bush invasion of grasslands is important because it helps the establishment of other coastal sage species. It plays an important part in nature's plan, but can prove to be a pest in the garden. Fortunately, I just happened to have an abundance of it growing in my native plant garden at my house. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Branches from the plant were reportedly used to remove the spines from Prickly Pear. Chaparral zones frequently experience wildfires to which the plant is equally well adapted. Native Americans used wood of coyote brush for the manufacture of arrows and houses. Many people learned that Mugwort is the best remedy for the rash but the Chumash preferred Coyote Brush (Timbrook, 2007). Phyllaries are in 4–6 series, ovate, and glabrous. The bush is an important part of chaparral environments, providing food, shelter and erosion control in scrubby land with few large trees. The leaves are 8–55 millimetres (0.31–2.17 in) long and are entire to toothed and oblanceolate to obovate, with three principal veins. In California grasslands, it comes in late and invades and increases in the absence of fire or grazing. It is glabrous and generally sticky. México.  There are reports of isolated populations in New Mexico, most likely introduced.. Native people used it as a material for hunting tools, such as arrow shafts. Ssp. The amazingly adaptable plant is found in canyons, hillsides and bluffs. Coyote bush is most likely found in coastal scrub and lowland zones. If you are seeking a natural addition to your landscape or back forty that will require little effort on your part, coyote bushes are right up your alley. Coast live oak, California bay, Rhus integrifolia, and other shade producing species replace coastal sage scrub and other coyote bush-dominated areas, particularly when there hasn't been a wildfire or heavy grazing. Baccharis pilularis, called coyote brush (or bush), chaparral broom, and bush baccharis, is a shrub in the daisy family native to California, Oregon, Washington, and Baja California. "Healing with Medicinal Plants of the West" identifies Coyote Brush (Baccharis pilularis) as being the primary plant that the Chumash use to treat Poison Oak rash. If ingested, the bush does have the ability to cause pregnancy termination. Baccharis pilularis is cultivated as an ornamental plant, and used frequently in drought tolerant, native plant, and wildlife gardens; and in natural landscaping and habitat restoration projects. Similar male and female flowers but different preferred locations - Mule Fat is found in or along stream … Coyote brush grows all over the coastal ranges of California and up into Oregon. consanguinea in ecological restoration, there will not be as much seed set, nor recruitment of new individuals. There are two subspecies. When we lived in Sacramento and I often biked along the American River Bicycle Trail, I enjoyed the medicinal odor of sagebrush (Artemesia), especially on hot summer evenings when the odor can easily be detected in the air, and of coyote brush, which reminded me of motor oil. 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This species is dioecious (pistillate and staminate flowers occur on separate plants). Provided soils are moderately to heavily coarse, the plant performs well in a variety of situations. Native Americans used leaves of coyote brush to reduce swelling. The cultivar ground cover selections have various qualities of height and spread, leaf colors, and textures. Coyote brush is often cultivated in ornamental purposes in the form of hedges and ground cover (dwarf varieties). About Coyote Bush (Baccharis pilularis) 51 Nurseries Carry This Plant. Galls offer protection and nutrition to the midge larvae while they mature, and they sometimes also support the competitors and predators of the midge.The specific name for coyote brush, pilularis, is Latin for having globules, which may refer to these spherical … These bushes can withstand drought, infertile soils, fire and salt spray. Once the plant is situated, however, you don’t need to water it except in the most severe droughts. 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